Top Causes of Death Case Worldwide, people are active longer. But while overall deaths from communicable diseases and preterm birth are decreasing, deaths from heart disease, conflict and violence are on the rise, according to a new report.
The report, called the Global Burden of Disease study, inspects the state of the world’s health by approximating average life expectation as well as the number of deaths, illnesses and injuries from more than 300 causes.
The report found that today, the average global life expectancy is 72.5 years (75.3 years for women and 69.8 years for men.) That’s up from an regular life expectancy of 65.1 years in 1990 and 58.4 years in 1970, the report said. Japan had the highest life expectation in 2016, at 83.9 years, while the Central African Republic had the lowest, at 50.2 years. .,
Total, there were 54.7 million deaths worldwide in 2016. Nearly three-housings (72.3 percent) of those deaths were from so-called “no infectious diseases,” or those that cannot pass from person to person, counting heart disease, hit and cancer.
About 19 percent of deaths in 2016 were from communicable illnesses, motherly diseases (which occur during pregnancy and childbirth), brand-new diseases (which occur around the newborn period) and nutritious diseases (which include nutritional deficiencies); about 8 percent of deaths were from wounds.
From 2006 to 2016, the total number of deaths from infectious, maternal, brand-new and nutritious diseases (which the researchers call “CMNN”) decreased by nearly 24 percent. In particular, there’s been considerable progress in reducing deaths among children under age 5 years old, who often die from respiratory infections or problems from early birth, the report said. In 2016, the number of deaths among children under age 5 dropped below 5 million for the first time in modern history — down from 11 million deaths in 1990 and 16.4 million deaths in 1970, the researchers said. Deaths from HIV/AIDS among both children and adults have also weakened, by 46 percent since 2006, and deaths from malaria have declined by 26 percent since 2006.
However, the total number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases augmented by 16 percent from 2006 to 2016, meaning there were an extra 5.5 million deaths from these conditions in 2016 compared to 10 years earlier. Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death, resulting in nearly 9.5 million deaths in 2016, an upsurge of 19 percent since 2006. Diabetes also caused 1.4 million deaths in 2016, up 31 percent since 2006.
Although the rate of death (which takes into account the total number of people worldwide) from noncommunicable diseases failed from 2006 to 2016, it did not decline as much as the rate of death from CMNN. (During the 10-year period, the rate of death from CMNN declined 32 percent, while the rate of death from noncommunicable diseases declined only 12 percent, the study said.)
“Designs of global health are clearly changing, with more rapid declines in CMNN situations than for other diseases and injuries,” the researchers wrote in the Sept. 14 issue of the periodical The Lancet. Although the reduction in CMNN deaths is “laudable,” the findings suggest that noncommunicable diseases, “which reason very considerable mortality in young and middle-aged adults, need to receive much greater policy priority,” the investigators said.
In addition, since 2006, the number of deaths from battle and terrorism has risen meaningfully, reaching 150,500 deaths in 2016 (which is a 143 percent upsurge since 2006), the researchers said. This rise is largely a result of conflicts in North Africa and the Middle East, the scientists said.
Rates of death also increased for opioid use, amphetamine use and other drug rehab use complaints in some locations — chiefly in high-income countries, the investigators said. Overall, 1.1 billion people worldwide have some type of psychological health or substance use disorder, the report found.